The area of Germany where the Rottweiler's story begins
is in the southwestern section, around the productive farm area of Wurttemberg - the
district of Rottweil, to be specific, its principal city and district seat bearing the
Around 260 A.D., the Romans were ousted from this area.
Left behind were some of their dogs for which work was provided since cattle
raising and agriculture remained the prime occupations. It was about 700 A.D. that a
Christian church was built where formerly had stood the Roman Baths. As excavation began,
the red tiles of former Roman villas came to light, and thus the city was named Rottweil,
suggested by the appearance of these red tiles.
Rottweil became a prosperous marketplace and cultural center
in time, attracting cattlemen, farmers and other traders from considerable distances to do
business there. These men soon noticed the excellence of the "butcher's dogs",
as the breed was then known, and started purchasing them. Here again, a capable dog or two
was a necessity, not only in bringing in one's stock safely but also making the return
trip with their money bags, for which no safer place could possibly be found than fastened
to the collars of these dogs!
All of this led to increasing respect for the "butcher's
dog", and local owners began selectively breeding them. Since they were considered
far superior to others of their type to be found in that area, the name
"Rottweiler" was bestowed upon them to distinguish them from the rest. This name
has remained until the present day.
Reference: Rottweilers by Anna Katherine Nicholas #1
Best Selling Rottweiler Book